LGBTQ+ Business Climate Score

Out Leadership’s Business Climate Index for the 50 United States is an assessment of states’ performance on LGBTQ+ inclusion. It measures the impact government policies and prevalent attitudes have on the LGBTQ+ people residing in each state, quantifying the economic imperatives for inclusion and the costs of discrimination. It equips business leaders and policymakers with a clear sense of the most impactful steps states can take to make themselves more hospitable to forward-thinking, innovative, inclusive businesses.


out of a possible 100 points

Legal & Nondiscrimination Protection

It’s simple to change the gender markers on a birth certificate or driver’s license, and neither process requires surgery or physician input. LGBTQ+ people are protected from discrimination by state law. However, not everyone knows about protections, victims or perpetrators of discrimination, and few know about how to seek recourse.

20 / 20
Youth & Family Support

Conversion therapy to minors is banned in Nevada. People working with youths in the foster care system must have LGBTQ+ specific training. Any married couple or single individual is eligible to adopt in the state. One of the highest rates of unaccompanied, unsheltered youth, approximately 40% of homeless youth are LGBTQ+.

17.67 / 20
Political & Religious Attitudes

Nevada’s Governor and U.S. Senators have a track record of speaking and voting in favor of LGBTQ+ equality and inclusion. Nevada does not have any religious freedom restoration or protection laws.

19 / 20
Health Access & Safety

Trans healthcare is covered by Medicaid, public employee plans, and some private insurance companies in Nevada. There are no surgeons for bottom surgery in Nevada currently, but Medicaid can be used out of state with a referral. Knowingly exposing someone else to HIV can be prosecuted as a felony, and in certain cases it is further complicated by other factors of discrimination, especially difficult for trans people of color.*

16 / 20
Work Environment & Employment

26% of transgender employees in Nevada reported being harassed in the past year due to their gender identity, and 28% report mistreatment such as having someone at work share private information about their gender. 34% of LGBTQ+ individuals in Nevada reported food insecurity, double the rate for non-LGBTQ+ people (17%). Up to 34% of LGBTQ+ individuals in Nevada reported making less than $24,000 per year. 11% of LGBTQ+ individuals report unemployment in Nevada, almost double the rate for non-LGBTQ+ people (6%).

9 / 20
A Note on Methodology

Download this report to learn how and why Out Leadership created the LGBTQ+ Business Climate Index for the 50 U.S. States, with important details about our methodology, including our data standards and practices. NOTE: *HIV criminalization laws are discriminatory and ineffective. These laws fail to account for advances made in treating and controlling HIV, may deter people from getting tested and seeking treatment, and can exacerbate the stigma targeting people living with HIV and LGBTQ+ people.

Our Methodology
Talking Points
  • 5.5% of Nevada residents identify as LGBTQ+. Conservatively, that’s LGBTQ+ personal income of $8 billion – it’s a market my business can’t afford to ignore.
  • When LGBTQ+ employees don’t feel welcome at work, they’re less likely to stay, and employee turnover is a drag on the state economy and business competitiveness. It costs companies an average of $9,000 to replace an employee in Nevada, and it can cost up to $459,000 to replace senior executives. Nevada and the businesses operating there have strong financial incentives to create inclusive workplaces in the interest of keeping these costs down.
  • Nevada’s comprehensive nondiscrimination law protects LGBTQ+ people, so the state is already experiencing the positive economic impacts of such policies. One estimate suggests that the state’s economy may have grown 3%, or $4.7 billion, thanks to its inclusive approach. That said, there’s still a gap between policy and culture, and organizations in Nevada have a business imperative to ensure that LGBTQ+ people feel welcome in their workplaces.
  • Nevada has a favorable economic environment for business investment – but taking steps to make LGBTQ+ people feel safer and more included would better enable companies to attract top LGBTQ+ talent.
  • Millennial and Gen Z consumers prefer to do business with companies with LGBTQ+ friendly advertising and policies – 54% say they’re more likely to choose an LGBTQ+ inclusive brand over a competitor – which is why it’s important that Nevada continues to foster a business environment where being inclusive is supported.
Impact of LGBTQ+ Discrimination on Business and Talent
  • 1
    No Risk
  • 2
    Low Risk
  • 3
    Moderate Risk
  • 4
    Notable Risk
  • 5
    High Risk

For more context around these scores, and to learn more about the criteria we used to assess how state laws, actions and attitudes toward LGBTQ+ people create business and talent risks, please visit

  • 1
    No Risk
Companies incur no risk to their brands by operating in Nevada, where there are comprehensive LGBTQ+ inclusive nondiscrimination protections and the state’s governor and senators have strong pro-LGBTQ+ records
  • 1
    No Risk
There is no risk of LGBTQ+ or strong ally clients pulling their business from companies operating in Nevada in light of the state’s business climate or reputation.
  • 1
    No Risk
Nevada has strong legal protections for LGBTQ+ people, making working there attractive to LGBTQ+ professionals.
  • 1
    No Risk
There is no risk involved in marketing to the LGBTQ+ community in Nevada.
  • 1
    No Risk
The state has comprehensive nondiscrimination protections in place and there seems to be a low appetite to pursue discriminatory legislation. We currently see no risk of a future negative event.
Socio-cultural Environment of LGBTQ+ People:

Status of LGBTQ+ Organizing and Community

The first Las Vegas Pride festival was held in May of 1983. The Southern Nevada Association of Pride, Inc (SNAPI), also known as Las Vegas PRIDE, was established in June of 1992 and began producing the annual Pride celebrations. celebrated its 22nd year in 2019. It went on pandemic hiatus in 2020 and returned fall of 2021. It had increased security after The Center, a Las Vegas-based LGBTQ+ community center facility separate from Pride, was the victim of two instances of vandalism in the months leading up to the event.

Silver State Equality, a statewide LGBTQ+ civil rights organization, was formed in 2019 to advocate for pro-LGBTQ+ state legislation. The organization helped get the “gay / trans panic” defense banned in 2019.

There are also other organizations, particularly in Las Vegas, such as the TransPride organization and Gender Justice Nevada, with significant support in Las Vegas, less so in rural areas.

Cultural Views of the LGBTQ+ Community

49% of Nevada residents oppose anti-LGBTQ+ religious exemptions for small business owners.

68% of Nevada residents favor LGBTQ+ anti-discrimination legislation.