LGBT+ Business Climate Score

Out Leadership’s snapshot of the current state of affairs for LGBT+ people, through the lens of international business. The Business Climate Score score is out of ten possible points, and is based on ten independently verifiable indicators of the legal, cultural and business context for LGBT+ people.

5
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
  • 8
  • 9
  • 10
1.
Are consensual homosexual acts between adults legal?
1
Yes
2.
Are marriage or civil unions for same-sex couples available?
0
No relationship recognition
3.
Is being LGBT+ punishable by death?
1
No
4.
Are sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination in employment prohibited?
0
No
5.
Can transgender people legally change their gender markers?
1
Yes
6.
Is sex reassignment surgery at birth for intersex children prohibited?
0
No
7.
Are sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination in the provision of goods and services prohibited?
0
No
8.
Is there a U.S. State Department warning against travel for LGBT+ individuals?
1
No
9.
Do companies sponsor Pride?
0
No
10.
Are there laws prohibiting freedom of assembly or speech for LGBT+ people (i.e. “anti-propaganda laws”, media gags, etc)?
1
No
Talking Points
  • Ending discrimination against LGBT+ people in India will help the economy. According to a special report issued by the World Bank, the economic impact of homophobia costs India anywhere from 112 billion rupees ($1.9 billion) to 7 trillion rupees ($30.8 billion) annually.
  • The decriminalization of homosexuality is a huge step forward, but there’s still much work to do.
  • Conservative estimates suggest that from 4-6% of the general population identifies as LGBT+, meaning that there could be 50-75 million LGBT+ people in India. If the government instates anti-discrimination laws for the LGBT+ populace, millions of LGBT+ people will be able to participate more fully in the economy.
Talking Points
Impact of LGBT Discrimination on Business and Talent
  • 1
    NO RISK
  • 2
    LOW RISK
  • 3
    MODERATE RISK
  • 4
    NOTABLE RISK
  • 5
    HIGH RISK
BRAND RISK
  • 2
    LOW RISK
In terms of supporting LGBT + inclusion, there is little brand risk to operating in India.
CLIENT RISK
  • 2
    LOW RISK
India’s decriminalization of homosexuality has positively impacted its global reputation; companies bear only a slight risk of losing LGBT+ clients when they do business in India.
TALENT RISK
  • 4
    NOTABLE RISK
Same-sex spouses aren't recognized and therefore cannot easily obtain spousal visas. This creates difficulties for companies seeking to relocate employees who are in same-sex marriages.
MARKETING RISK
  • 3
    MODERATE RISK
There's a sizable LGBT+ community in India, but it's still significantly closeted. Marketing directly to LGBT+ audiences can provoke a backlash.
Socio-cultural Environment of LGBT People:

Status of LGBT+ Organizing and Community

  • — LGBT+ groups are active throughout the country, though mostly in urban areas. Advocacy groups and collectives regularly sponsor pride marches, cultural events, and public events.

Cultural Views of the LGBT+ Community

  • — LGBT+ groups report that they face widespread discrimination and violence throughout society, particularly in rural areas. However, there is growing support from the media, general public, and several political parties. This support is bolstered by the decriminalization of homosexuality which is hoped to inspire greater societal acceptance for LGBT+ people.
  • — Particular groups of transgender people, such as Hijras and Shiv Shaktis, have played a major role in Indian culture for centuries, and are accepted within certain communities.
  • — Advocacy organizations, such as the Mission for Indian Gay and Lesbian Empowerment (MINGLE), have documented workplace discrimination against LGBT+ persons, including slurs by colleagues and supervisors, as well as unjustified dismissals.
Local Leaders Advocating for LGBT+ Equality

There are many openly LGBT + activists and experts in India. Out Leadership recommends:

Arun Jaitley
Indian Minister of Finance

Ashok Ro Kavi
Founder and Chairperson, Humsafar Trust

Kapil Sibal
Former Indian Minister of Justice

Anjali Gopalan
Executive Director, The Naz Foundation

Gopi Shankar
Intersex Activist