LGBT+ Business Climate Score

Out Leadership’s snapshot of the current state of affairs for LGBT+ people, through the lens of international business. The Business Climate Score score is out of ten possible points, and is based on ten independently verifiable indicators of the legal, cultural and business context for LGBT+ people.

8.5
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1.
Are consensual homosexual acts between adults legal?
1
Yes
2.
Are marriage or civil unions for same-sex couples available?
1
Yes
3.
Is being LGBT+ punishable by death?
1
No
4.
Are sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination in employment prohibited?
1
Yes
5.
Can transgender people legally change their gender markers?
0.5
Only available to some, with discriminatory requirements
6.
Is sex reassignment surgery at birth for intersex children prohibited?
0
No
7.
Are sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination in the provision of goods and services prohibited?
1
Yes
8.
Is there a U.S. State Department warning against travel for LGBT+ individuals?
1
No
9.
Do companies sponsor Pride?
1
Yes
10.
Are there laws prohibiting freedom for assembly or speech for LGBT+ people (i.e. “anti-propoganda laws”, media gags, etc)?
1
No
Talking Points
  • Gay and lesbian households in Australia control an estimated annual disposable income of $20 billion. This is an indispensable market for my company.
  • Amending legislation to allow for transgender individuals to change their legal documents without discriminatory requirements would allow my company to build an inclusive workplace consistent with our operations in other countries.
  • People who wish to transition in Australia are currently not able to do so while they are married - a lingering effect of previous legislation against same-sex marriage. The new same-sex marriage law will eliminate this anti-trans policy at the end of the year, but we're closely monitoring whether any Australian states pass local anti-trans laws in the interim, as a patchwork of state policy around gender transition will make it harder for my company to do business in Australia.
Talking Points
Impact of LGBT+ Discrimination on Business and Talent
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    NO RISK
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    LOW RISK
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    MODERATE RISK
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    NOTABLE RISK
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    HIGH RISK
BRAND RISK
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    NO RISK
There is negligible brand risk related to supporting the LGBT+ community in Australia.
CLIENT RISK
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    NO RISK
There's virtually no risk of LGBT+ clients moving their patronage away from companies that do business in Australia.
TALENT RISK
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    NO RISK
Now that Australia has passed a nationwide marriage equality law, there are no risks or barriers to relocating talent there
MARKETING RISK
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    NO RISK
With widespread public acceptance, corporations can and do broadcast LGBT+ inclusive marketing without provoking an uproar.
Socio-cultural Environment of LGBT+ People:

Status of LGBT+ Organizing and Community

  • — Australia boasts a well-established LGBT+ movement, including Australian Marriage Equality, Organization Intersex International Australia, Transgender Victoria, Bisexual Alliance, Australian GLBTI Multicultural Council Inc., Gay Lesbian Health Victoria, Victorian Aids Council, Rainbow Network, National LGBTI Health Alliance, Kaleidoscope Human Rights Foundation.
  • — Sydney is home to the three-week Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras Festival, where the pride parade draws over 500,000 attendees annually.
  • — Major companies, both domestic and international, have a track record of sponsoring Mardi Gras.
  • — The second largest pride celebration, Midsumma Festival, is held for 3 weeks in Melbourne each year since 1989.

Cultural Views of the LGBT+ Community

  • — A 2013 Pew Research study found that 79% of Australians believe homosexuality should be accepted by society, making it the 5th most supportive country in the world.
  • — In 2015, Dameyon Bonson established Black Rainbow as a mental healthy support and suicide prevention service for LGBTI indigenous Australians. Gender diverse and transgender indigenous Australians often suffer dual discrimination through both racism and homophobia/transphobia.
  • — A poll from August 2016 showed that 62% of Australians support marriage equality.
Local Leaders Advocating for LGBT+ Equality

There are many openly LGBT+ activists and experts in Australia. Out Leadership recommends:

Raymond Roca
Director, Kaleidoscope Human Rights Foundation

Dawn Hough
Director, Pride in Diversity

Dameyon Bonson
Founder, Black Rainbow